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70052, Greek-Orthodox Communities in Asia Minor and the eastern Mediterranean


Hervé Georgelin

PhD, Lecturer of History

Department of Turkish Studies and Modern Asian Studies

Herve Georgelin <hgeorgelin[at]turkmas.uoa[dot]gr>

 

Greek-Orthodox Communities in Asia Minor and the eastern Mediterranean

[Course 70052: 5th semester of undergraduate studies]

 

Aim of this course is the acquisition by our Erasmus-students of knowledge about the history and the geography of the Greek-Orthodox population in the Asian part of the Ottoman empire, including the Egypt and the Black Sea region and a more subtle understanding of that diverse and forever-gone world, which was different in many ways from contemporary Greece, and of its specific historicity. This was no stable human group through the centuries. Students will be provided with insights about the reasons and ways of its vanishing.

 

Syllabus:

  1. Session: Presentation of the Greek-Orthodox population in Asia Minor and the Near East.
  2. Session: The diversity of the Ottoman Greek-Orthodox populations. Wo were the Rum;
  3. Session:The case of the Black sea region.
  4. Session: Cappadocia and some villages in northern Mesopotamia
  5. Session: Political and religious institutions, the institutionalization within the Rum millet in the 19th and 20th centuries. Politization of the Greek-Orthodox in the Ottoman empire.
  6. Session: The Greek-Orthodox in critical times. The foundation of the Hellenic national state (1821-1832), its progressive extension and the consequences for the Greek-Orthodox in the Ottoman empire.
  7. Session: The Ottoman Greek-Orthodox in World War 1.
  8. Session:The after-war illusions, hopes for a new normalcy.
  9. Session: The Lausanne treaty (1923).
  10. Session: The heritage of Greek-Orthodox Asia Minor in Greece and abroad.
  11. Session: The Greek-Orthodox of Modern Egypt, the “Egyptiots”.
  12. Session: Was there a Greek Odessa?
  13. Session: Conclusion of the term and preparation for the final exam.

Indicative Bibliography:

Benjamin Braude & Bernard Lewis (ed.), Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire: The Functioning of a Plural Society, Vol. 1 (New York: Holmes & Meier Publishers, 1982)

Dimitris Gondicas & Charles Issawi (ed.)., Ottoman Greeks in the Age of Nationalism: Politics, Economy, and Society in the Nineteenth Century (Princeton NJ: The Darwin Press, 1999)

Tessa Hoffmann, Matthias Bjornlund, Vasileios Meichanetsidis (ed.), The Genocide of the Ottoman Greeks: Studies on State-Sponsored Campaign of Extermination of the Christians of Asia Minor (1912-1922) and its Aftermath: History, Law, Memory (New York: Aristide Caratzas: 2012)

Michael Llewellyn, Ionian Vision: Greece in Asia Minor, 1919-1922 (London: Hurst & Co. Publishers Ltd, 1973/1998)

Benny Morris & Doror Ze’evi, The Thirty-year Genocide: Turkey’s Destruction of its Christian Minorities, 1894-1924 (Harvard: Harvard University Press, 2019)